Talk about the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The regime established by the Taiping Army from 1851-1864 was organized by Hong Xiuquan, Shi Dakai, Yang Xiuqing and other organizations to establish a "Taiping Heavenly Kingdom" in Jintian Village, Guangxi. In March 1853, Nanjing was captured, and Nanjing was changed to Tianjing, and it was used as the capital. In 1864, Tianjing was captured. In 1872, Shi Da Kaiyu defeated in Guizhou. At this point, all roles of Taiping Heavenly exited the historical stage.

The fuse of the Tianping Heavenly Kingdom Movement:

After the Opium War, the Qing government stepped up the searches for the defeat of the defeat, and stepped up the search for farmers. The ruling class was incompetence, and the corrupt officials and the local gangsters rampant. The farmers were overwhelmed, and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom rose, leading farmers to resist, and vowed to overthrow the ruined Qing government.

The highest leader is the "Christian" of self -baptism:

Hong Xiuquan sucked Christianism from "Persuasion of the World" and was admitted to himself. Later, he preached in the area of ​​Guangxi and had many believers. In 1847, Hong Xiuquan followed the United States and South American Baptist Council, Luo Xiaoquan, to study the Bible, but Luo Xiaosheng did not baptize Hong Xiuquan. Like foreign Christianity, Christianity of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom also pursues worship and gather for seven days. Respect God as the Father of Heaven, respect Jesus as his brother, and Hong Xiuquan is the King of Heaven, preaching the Gospel of the King of Heaven. In the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, all other religions are regarded as "paganism", Confucian culture has also been excluded, the Tao Te Ching has been burned, and the Confucius and Mencius classics are also affected.

"People's Commune" fantasies from the actual "People's Commune":

The Taiping Army hit Nanjing all the way and searched a lot of fine gold and silver softness and a lot of food. The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom stipulated that "the comes will be given". However, there were more than one million military and civilians in Nanjing. It didn't take long for the granary to the bottom. Yang Xiuqing ordered the city to drink porridge until the grain was broken. The Taiping Army has developed rapidly, and the tax policy has not been followed up. In addition, the development of the Taiping Army is based on farmers. In order to obtain the hearts of the people, it is announced that they will never levy food. Frequent wars, low grain production capacity, and limited grain that farmers can dedicate. In the end, the peasants were unwilling to contribute, and the Taiping Army was forced in the name of "tribute", which led to deepening the military and civilians.

Strange men's and women's room division system:

Among the ancient recruiting soldiers, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom was an alternative. Uranus Hong Xiuquan advocated equality for everyone. No matter whether men and women could join the army, many of them were bravely killed the enemy and did not lose the man. However, after all, female soldiers rarely occur in history. There are no cases worth reference in history. Hong Xiuquan stipulates that men and women are separated by separation. At the beginning, the entire army was fighting. There was nothing wrong with this regulation, but after entering Nanjing, this regulation was implemented as usual, but the officials who were officials could live together and chose concubines, which caused a great commotion. In particular, Hong Xiuquan's own wife and concubine are even more dissatisfied with soldiers. What's more, the civilians in Nanjing also need to be separated from men and women, and couples must be separated, and the men's and women's museum system is implemented. This has aroused the dissatisfaction of many civilians, and it has canceled the civilian men's and women's gallery system before long.

A conflict with each other:

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom is a contradictory regime, opposed to feudal autocracy, and to the generals of the general; opposing feudal superstitions, and in the deep palace to engage in religious theology and confuse the people; preach the people -oriented, and build civil engineering to build palaces; encourage men and women to be equal. Choose Xiu Xuan, three thousand beauties. The policies are changed, there is no sound democracy, no health beliefs, and no long -term planning for the development of history. In the end, the military and civilians are mourning, like another feudal dynasty.

The historical significance of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement:

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom is the beginning of democraticism, and the standpoint of farmers has formulated many policies for benefiting the people. This is why the people responded to the people in the early days of the uprising. confidence. The situation of the Taiping army was like a bamboo, defeating the Qing court's trump army, and cleared the obstacles for the later democratic revolution.

Tip: The content of this article is for reference only, please refer to the consultation results of regular hospitals!