The Soviet Movement in Hunan

Hunan first issued the "establishment of the government" for the establishment of the Soviet Union. The earliest provincial Soviet regime was established, the "establishment of politics", actively "participating in politics", and made positive contributions to the exploration and establishment of the people's congress system.

In November 1931, the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet Union was held in Ruijin, Jiangxi, announcing the establishment of the Chinese Soviet Interim Central Government. From the Soviet Republic to the People's Republic of China, the leaders and united people of the Communist Party of China have gone through a difficult and unremitting struggle. As a revolutionary hot land, how does the Soviet movement rise? What contributions have been made? What are the revelations? The Soviet Movement's rise in Hunan's Hunan Soviet Movement began in September 1927. After the 1987 meeting of Wuhan, while the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China deployed a riots for autumn harvest for farmers in the four provinces of Hunan, Guangdong, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, and Jiangxi, it sent Mao Zedong back to Hunan to assist in reorganizing the Hunan Provincial Party Committee of the Communist Party of China to lead the autumn uprising. Mao Zedong assisted the Provincial Party Committee to formulate a program and plans for the autumn income uprising. In November 1927, Mao Zedong sent former member Wan Xi to lead the Workers and Peasants Revolutionary Army for the second time to capture Chaling County, and then established the Chaling County Workers, Peasants and War Government, set up a civil affairs, finance, youth workers, women and other departments. All villages help restore the Agricultural Association, establish districts, rural workers, farmers and soldiers, and propose the slogan of "fighting local tyrants, dividing fields", and solving land problems. The second climax of the Hunan Soviet Movement was the South Hunan Uprising. In January 1928, Zhu De and Chen Yi led the Nanchang Uprising to the first shot of the South Hunan Uprising in Yizhang, and then established the first red regime in the southern Hunan -Yizhang County Soviet government to carry out the fight against local tyrants. Under the leadership of the Special Committee of the Communist Party of China and party organizations from various places, the people of workers and peasants have uprising, occupying counties, Zixing, Yongxing, Puyang and other counties, and successively established the county Soviet government. In March 1928, the Special Committee of the Hunan South Hunan Province held a conference on the south of the Xiangnan Industry and Farmers in Taiping Building, Yongxing County, and established the southern Hunan Soviet government. In May 1931, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to merge with the Jiangxi and Jiangxi border and Soviet areas of Jiangxi and the Hunan East Soviet Area. It has newly established Hunan and Jiangxi Province, and has jurisdiction over 20 county Soviet governments. In September, the first working and peasant and soldiers' congress of the Xiang, Hubei -Jiangxi Border Area was held in Pingjiang County Mayor Shoushou Street, and the Soviet government of the Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi Province was established. In December, the Government of Western Hubei and Hubei was formally established, and more than 20 county -level Soviet governments were jurisdiction. In November 1934, in accordance with the instructions of the Central Secretariat, the Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou Provincial Party Committee was established in Dongyong County, and the temporary regime was established -the Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou Revolutionary Committee. Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces have jurisdiction over 7 county Soviet governments.

Before and after the first National Congress of the Chinese Soviet Union, 14 provincial Soviet regimes were established nationwide, of which 4 were related to Hunan, namely Hunan, Jiangxi Province, Hunan, Hubei Province, western Hunan and Hubei Province, and Hunan Hunan Province, and Hunan Hunan Province Echuan and Guizhou Province.

The Hunan Soviet Movement contributed to history to the earliest five Soviet regimes in the country. There are 2 Hunan, namely the Soki government and the Government of Chaling County, the Government of Chaling County, which was established in 1927. The earliest provincial Soviet regime established in the country was in Hunan, the Hunan Soviet Government, which was established in Changsha in July 1930. Equipped "Jianzheng Pioneer". In 1927, for the establishment of the Soviet regime, the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China still believed that "this party does not propose the slogan of the Soviet -owned Soviet -city, rural, and troops. The revolution did not [in], at that time, the party should be established. " In the face of this situation, some comrades in the party strongly demanded that the central government gave up the Kuomintang banner and made the Soviet banner. Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the Hunan Provincial Party Committee of the Communist Party of China first spoke in the central letter on August 20, 1927: "The Soviet and soldiers of the workers, peasants, and soldiers are suitable for the objective environment. A month later, a month later, the Provisional Politburo of the Communist Party of China officially adopted the "Left Kuomintang" and the Soviet Slogan Problem Resolution, which clearly announced: "The completely civil rights revolution -the land revolution that removes the feudal system is no longer needed. The Kuomintang does its own flag ... ... The current task not only promotes Soviet ideas, but also sets up Soviet in a new climax of the revolutionary struggle. "Since then, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Soviet movement has begun to rise in China. Create "establishing a pioneer". The Chaling County Workers, Peasants and Mandarin Government, established in November 1927, is the first county -level worker, peasants, peasants and military regime established by the Chinese Revolution and the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base. Bold practice and exploration. The Soviet government of Hunan Province, established in July 1930, persisted for a year or two. In the meantime, a series of ruling explorations were conducted, and a complete organizational organization was established to establish the Red Army Daily and the Soviet Daily. At the same time, a series of laws such as the "Interim Marriage Law" were promulgated. The Hunan Soviet government has clearly announced that it will be owned by farmers to the farmers and allows free trading; the eight -hour work system is implemented; a monogamous system is implemented to prohibit the sale and selling system and the system; and so on.

Actively "participate in politics". In October 1930, the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held a meeting and decided to divide the existing Soviet Area across the country into Hunan, Hubei, Hunan and Hubei, southwestern Gan, Northeast Gan, Hubei, Henan and Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, and Jiangxi The SAR, two special zones in Hunan, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, Hubei, and southwestern Jiangxi, and built the "Central Soviet Area", requiring the Soviet Special Economic Zone to hold a congress, and elected representatives to attend the first National Congress. In November 1931, the first National Soviet Congress was held in Ruijin Yeping, Jiangxi. More than 80 people including Hunan and Jiangxi Province, Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi Province, and Xianghe West Soviet Area attended the meeting. Participants have heard reports on the issues of the Red Army, economic issues, work and peasants' procuratorial issues, and reports on the constitutional issue of the Constitutional Drafting Committee, and conducted carefully discussions and reviews of the above reports. In January 1934, more than 70 representatives from Hunan, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei and Jiangxi participated in the Second National Congress of the National Soviet Congress. Representatives of the two places participated in the group discussion. "Hunan and Jiangxi representatives discussed in the morning from the current political situation to expanding the Red Army, discussed the problem of Soviet democracy and the motion of the field in the afternoon, and discussed the work of the new district of the border area and the Chi Shao guerrillas at night. Discuss the issue of Chatian Movement, discuss the work of the border area in the border area and the Soviet democratic system. The representative speeches are very enthusiastic. Generally, the achievements and weaknesses in the past work are pointed out, especially the opportunityism in the leadership of Soviet work in the past. "Among them, the representative of Hunan and Jiangxi made a key speech when all representatives discussed the report of Chairman Mao. He said: "Hunan and Jiangxi Province is in the right wing of the Central Soviet Area .... For example, the responsible comrades of the lotus have executed the Luoming route and retreated, but the land problem has not been completely resolved ... so I think our future work should be deepened to every time every work should be deepened. A township, the masses in each city. "

The revelation of the Hunan Soviet Movement gave us in October 1934. After the fifth anti -encirclement failed, the central government's main Red Army was forced to implement a strategic transfer to get rid of the Kuomintang's siege and exit the central base area. Since then, the Hunan Soviet Movement has also moved towards a trough. But we can gain a lot of inspiration and education from the vigorous Hunan Soviet movement. It is not easy to cherish the people's congress system. From the system of the Chinese Soviet Congress to the People's Congress system, from the Soviet Republic to the People's Republic of China, the Communist Party of China led the people of the whole country to have a difficult and unremitting struggle. Just as General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: "The road determines the fate and it is not easy to find a correct road. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is not dropped from the sky. It is the fundamental achievement that the party and the people have worked hard and paid various costs. "Among them, Hunan first issued the" establishment of political pioneer "to establish Soviet, the earliest provincial Soviet regime, and created the" establishment of politics ". The representatives of our province actively" participating in politics and discussing politics "at the" One Soviet Conference "and" Second Soviet Conference " ", Made a positive contribution to the system of exploration and establishment of the people's congress. We must remember history and cherish the people's congress system through brilliant and heavy history. We must always adhere to and improve the people's congress system. The history fully shows that the Soviet Congress system is an inevitable choice to implement the dictatorship of workers and peasants. The establishment of the Chinese Soviet Congress system has made positive exploration and left extremely valuable experience for the formation of the people's congress system. The National Soviet Conference is not only the highest authority of the country, but also has legislative power and supervision power, which plays a dominant and decisive role in the entire state organs system. The election system, legal system, and legal supervision of the Soviet regime can be said that the basic characteristics of the New Chinese People's Congress system were concentrated and clearly reflected in the Chinese Soviet Congress system. Looking back and understanding the exploration process of the people's congress system, let us fully realize that adhering to and improving the people's congress system is the meaning of implementing Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. ", Firm" four self -confidence "and the inevitable requirement of" two maintenance "is a concrete manifestation of the implementation of the thinking of the rule of law. In the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we must always be guided by Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to and improve the system of the people's congress, so that the socialist democracy of socialism with Chinese characteristics will be more perfect, and the comprehensive implementation of the country in accordance with the law will be fully implemented. Politics, economy, culture and other rights and interests have been fully guaranteed, and they are unremittingly struggling to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is necessary to deeply understand the self -confidence of the people's congress system and continuously show the responsibility of the work of the people's congress in the new era. From the first program of the Communist Party of China to announce the "recognition of the Soviet management system" to the people's congress system that entered the new era to enter the new era, after 100 years, the century -old party history is also the history of the century of Soviet. We must be self -confident from the fundamental political system of the people's congress system in the history of the century and the history of the Soviet Union. Under the premise of paying attention to procedures and specifications, actively explore new ideas, new methods, and new ways to improve the work of the people's congress in the new era, focus on "developing the whole process of people's democracy", focus on improving the quality of the people's congress, and demonstrate the responsibility of the people's congress work. In order to promote the development of the people's congress system in innovation and development in development. (Article published in "Friends of the People", No. 4, 2022)

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