Ancient Greece Movement

In 776 BC, the ancient Greeks, which held the first official Olympic Games, brought the world to the world the idea of ​​organizing large sports events as entertainment venues, and full of audiences. Not only that, they are the first to make people worship their favorite sports superstar culture, and even the most enthusiastic sports fans today may feel extreme.

"The Greeks believe that athletes have special power," explained David, an associate professor of History at the University of Nanda, said that he is an expert in ancient Greek track and field and the author of the "Ancient Greek Crown Games: Archeology, Athletes and Heroes". "They entrust them to sing poems for them and tell stories about the statue of athletes who can heal people."

LUNT quoted the example of ThasOS's theAGENES of ThaiS. He is the Pankration boxing champion, runner and competitors. Pankration is a representative of ancient mixed martial arts. He was worshiped because of his sports ability. He had worshiped him for a century after his death. As Lente said, "They are very crazy for these athletes."

The ancient Greeks may like sports because men have participated in it since childhood. As Lente said, every Greek city has its own gymnasium. Local men take off their clothes in the gymnasium and participate in various sports naked, such as wrestling and competing. Zina Giannopoulou, a associate professor at the University of California, compares the ancient Olympic Games and the Modern Olympic Games. He said: "The Greeks attach importance to their physical and sports ability, and the body of bodybuilding men is sought after by people because it is pleasant in aesthetic." He is also a symbol of moral power, expressing self -discipline, hard work, and dedication to victory. "Athletes are regarded as a microcosm of Arete, which is a Greek word, which means virtue or excellence.

The Greeks just like to watch the game. In addition to the Olympic Games every four years, they also held a competition in other religious festivals -the Apolipitia Games in Delphi, Poseidon's Earth Gorge Games and Memorial Zeosya. The Crown Games, as the collective name of these competitions, includes a series of events, from chariots to track and field competitions and fighting movements.

Athletes participating in these events are most likely to be rich Greeks. They can afford training without having to work for a living. "If you want to participate in the Olympic Games, you must appear at least one month in advance and train them under the supervision of officials. They may eliminate anyone who fails to reach the level of the game," Rent said.

The Greeks have no team sports, only personal games, they do not allow women to participate in the competition -even for married women, they are not allowed to participate in the competition. There is a legendary exception -Rods's Calipaprara, she disguised as a male coach so that she can watch her son's boxing competition. "When she was caught, she defended herself that she should be allowed to participate in all women because she had a father, three brothers, a son, and a nephew. Say. "Her life is spared, but after that, the trainer was asked to participate in the Olympic Games naked."

Here are some sports participating in ancient Greek athletes.

1. Championship competition

Greek hero and Argos N ​​AMPHIARAUS described the chariot competition in the 4th century BC of the 4th century BC

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The art evidence of the ancient pottery is one of the oldest movements in Greece, the art evidence of ancient pottery shows that the event can be traced back to the McSuni period from 1600 to 1100 BC. The chariot competition held at Rootlos was held at the funeral, Jennopu notes. In 680 BC, he participated in the Olympic Games, and the driver participated in the four -hop and two horses.

According to Miller, the competition includes 12 laps around the arena or racecourse, and then runs 12 laps in the opposite direction. The actual length varies from place to the event. The chariot competition is an expensive game, the owner of the horse and the chariot -they watched the driver's in their nominal competition -using this event to show off their wealth. There is no separation of the ellipse in the center of the racecourse, and sometimes the front collision between the chariot and the horse team, which makes the chariot competition a extremely dangerous movement.

2. Horse racing

Drives the reliefs of horses and riders to commemorate the victory of the Ryontis tribe in the horse racing, Athens, Greece.

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According to Miller's book, Keller, or riding rider, was included in the Olympic Games in 648 BC. The total length of the game is about 1.2 kilometers (about three -quarters). Jockey -they are young boys, maybe slaves -riding horses, no horses, although they do have reins and whips to guide horses.

3. Running

The art on the ancient Greek Cup is characterized by athlete running.

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According to the ancient Greek track and field movement of Stephen Gaylord Miller, the Greeks like to run, especially the stadium. It is named after the ancient measurement unit and corresponds to a 200 -meter sprint in modern tracks. From 776 BC to 726 BC, it is the only project at the Olympic Games. The Greeks later added Diaulos, which is equivalent to 400 meters today, and DolichOS, a distance between 7.5 and 9 kilometers, is roughly similar to countless leisure runners. But the Greeks have an incident without modern corresponding objects -Hoplitodromos, which are competitors imitating Greek infantry, wearing helmets and bronze legs, and shields. 4. Wrestling

Drawing the reliefs of wrestling competitions between athletes, Kerameikos cemetery from Athens, Greece, about 510 BC

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According to Miller, in the ancient Greek wrestling, the capture of the capture fought in a standing posture, the purpose was to fall the opponent to the ground. The concept of nailing the opponent's shoulder on the ground does not exist. Instead, the wrestler won the game three times by throwing the opponent. According to Ryte, another unique thing about ancient events is that there is no weight level. The most terrible wrestler in ancient times was Croton's Milos. It is said that he developed his strong power by raising and carrying the newly -born calf until it grew into a full -size cow.

5. Five Almighty

Ancient Greek athletes participating in the iron cake competition.

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Team and javelin can be traced back to the ancient Greeks for modern wild activities, but at that time, they were not separate activities. Instead, they are part of the five -purpose integration, and the five combinations also include long jump, running and wrestling. The Greeks have lead or stone weights, called Halteres. Some people think that jumping lines are used to further promote themselves in the game, although Lente believes that these weights are only used for training.

6. Boxing

Ancient Greek boxing is depicted on ceramic vessels.

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Unlike modern boxing, the Greek version has no round and there is no time limit. Instead, the boxer was just fighting until a man could not continue or admit that he was beaten. Just like wrestling, the Greek boxers played in a separate public group. They wore thin leather thongs named Himantes on the finger joints and wrists, but there were no gloves with pads.

7. Pankration

Pankration is a sports competition that combines boxing, wrestling and kicking.

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This sport means "full victory" in ancient Greek, and is an unrestrained version of modern comprehensive fighting. According to THOMAS A. Green's "World Wushu: Encyclopedia" Volume 1, the contestants use the same technologies as modern MMA, including boxing fist, elbow, knee strike, low kick, obedience and ground fighting against the opponent's legs Essence They were also allowed to hit or kick the groin of the opponent, which is not allowed in MMA, and unlike modern UFC fighters, they do not wear gloves, which allows them to use karate knife -type knocks. Only bite and planing are prohibited.

According to Michael B. Poliakoff's "Fighting Movement of the Ancient World: Competition, Violence and Culture", Sikyon's Sostratos in the game through the painful bending opponent's fingers in the game until they are broken Technology) won countless crown.

Competitors fight in the sand pit, not octagonal, and the surface has a pad. As a result, a bloody and brutal game not only tested the athlete's fighting skills, but also tested his ability to endure pain. As the writer Lu Zian described by the writer of the 2nd century AD, the boxers would beat each other until their mouths were all blood and sand, because the referee "urged them and praised the people they hit."

The salary of ancient Greek athletes cannot be compared with the sky -high salary of NBA and NFL players today, although they do have the opportunity to win prizes. Panathenaea is a game held to commemorate Athens and Athena. A winner of a hiking game won 200 gorgeous big jars filled with olive oil.

"I guess he can sell it, otherwise this will be a lifelong supply," Leon said. But for many ancient competitors, the pursuit of everyone's pursuit and the opportunity to get forever with their own abilities may be enough.

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