Exercise fitness | Improper exercise, heart injury

In spring, the weather is warmer and the scenery is pleasant. For the human body, it is when the liver qi is strong. At this time, the proper development of outdoor sports and stretching the veins will help the limbs.

For healthy people, there are many types of exercise in spring, but for those who have cardiovascular disease, exercise is wrong!

Different patients

There are different ways of exercise

Dr. Jina, Jiang Meichi, Tan Juan, and Dr. Wang Chenglong of Xiyuan Hospital of Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. For people with different diseases, some more suitable exercise methods and exercise intensity are recommended. Everyone can choose according to personal circumstances.

High blood pressure

Patients with hypertension are suitable for medium -intensity aerobic exercise, such as Tai Chi, walking, jogging, cycling or swimming, 5-7 days a week, each time greater than 30 minutes.

If you need to participate in high -intensity exercise, you need to evaluate the cardiovascular condition by a professional doctor.

Patients with abnormal blood lipids

Patients with abnormal blood lipids are suitable for medium -intensity body activity, 3.5 ~ 7 hours per week or 30 to 60 minutes per day.

Physical exercise can significantly reduce the level of serum triglyceride. For those who suffer from hypertrophyl semondromes or hypertrophymia, higher -intensity exercise is recommended.

Coronary heart disease

For patients with asymptomatic chronic coronary syndrome, if the functional imaging or conventional exercise load test does not induce myocardial ischemia, they can participate in all types of exercise according to individual conditions.

Patients with heart failure and valve disease

Such patients are recommended to consider entertainment sports with low -intensity to medium -intensity.

If no motion -induced arrhythmia or other abnormalities are found after monitoring, all types of entertainment sports are allowed.

It is not recommended for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection scores and patients with severe aorta stenosis for high -intensity exercise.

Patients with cardiomyopathy and myocarditis

For patients with hypertrophic myocardial disease, if they have cardiac arrest, unknown syncope, or abnormal blood pressure reactions and arrhythmia caused by exercise, they are not recommended for medium or high -intensity competitive and entertainment.

Patients with arrhythmias are not recommended to participate in high -intensity entertainment exercises or any competitive exercise.

Patients with diabetes concurrent microvascular lesions

Such patients are suitable for medium -intensity exercise. For example, if you walk fast than 30 minutes a day, combined with 15 minutes of strength training, you can also perform flexible exercise and balance ability.

Obese patient

For patients with obesity or central obesity, it is recommended to conduct 3 strength training every week to cooperate with medium or high -intensity aerobic exercise (at least 30 minutes, 7 days a week) to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

"Heart" disease?

Inspealless to exercise

Many friends think that illness must be recuperated. In fact, this is a cognitive misunderstanding.

The so -called "flowing water is not rotten, and the household is not stingy." For most diseases, maintaining regular labor and exercise is of positive significance for maintaining good health and preventing diseases.

A large number of studies have confirmed that standardized and appropriate exercise rehabilitation can effectively improve cardiopulmonary function, increase exercise capacity, improve the quality of life, and reduce incidence of adverse blood vessel events.

In addition to cardiovascular disease, exercise rehabilitation is also beneficial to the recovery of other diseases.

Traditional Chinese medicine attaches great importance to enhancing the function of the body and maintaining the unified combination of the mind, with the goal of "combining and static combination, forming and gods".

Many clinical studies have confirmed that the traditional movement of dynamic and static combination (such as Tai Chi, Eight Duanjin, Five Poultry Opera, etc.) can significantly improve the anxiety and depression of patients with coronary heart disease and effectively reduce the progress of the disease.

Precautions

Patients with cardiovascular disease must do a comprehensive rehabilitation assessment and prepare warm -up movements before exercising, and exercise muscle and joint activity.

During the exercise, it is necessary to step by step, control the strength of the movement, and immediately make the corresponding treatment.

If you have symptoms such as chest pain, dizziness, overwork, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, too much sweating, too much sweating, nausea and vomiting, and irregular pulse, you should stop exercise immediately.

If the above symptoms continue after stopping exercise, you should go to the hospital for further observation and treatment in time.

If you feel joints and muscle pain, you should also stop exercise to observe to prevent bone or muscle damage.

In addition, in the spring exercise, it can cooperate with deep suction and exhalation, which is conducive to vomiting new, clearing the meridian joints, unblocking qi and blood, and inspiring the spirit.

Dressing clothes should be moderate and loose, and the body stretchs, which is conducive to the birth of yang.

Tip: The content of this article is for reference only, please refer to the consultation results of regular hospitals!