Beijing Winter Olympics event is in full swing. This "ice feast" fully demonstrates the charm of ice and snow, igniting the enthusiasm of the public to participate in the ice and snow. Jilin University Bethune First Hospital Sports Medicine Academic Physician Yang Kang reminds the majority of ice and snow sports enthusiasts, ice and snow movement is extremely easy to fall and collisions, and the risk of injury is high. When enjoying the happiness brought by exercise, everyone must learn to protect themselves and actively prevent ice and snow.
"In the ice and snow movement, the knee joint damage is most common." Yang Kang introduced that the height, the speed and direction changed sharply, requiring the knee joint to repeatedly flex, twisted in a certain flexible range, so it is very easy to cause the knee semi-board And ligament damage.
When the ice and snow athlete fell, it often consciously extended his hands, and the probability of injury in the upper limb was the highest. The damage is concentrated in the wrist joints and shoulder joints, the boat fractures and forearm fractures are particularly common, and soft tissue contusion, shoulder sleeves, clavicle fractures, etc.
In addition, the ice and snow movement requires a long time to keep the waist posture, so that the waist back muscle is in a long time or an imbalance position, which is very easy to lead to local soft tissue fatigue, ischemia, edema, adhesion, etc., causing the pain of the waist. Some athletics is insufficient, and it is easy to cause acute damage to waist muscles when doing limit actions. Ankle joint injury is also common damage in ice and snow.
Avoiding ice and snow, young, doctors tips, before exercise, do full warm-up activities, choose the right sports equipment, properly wear protective equipment such as helmets, goggles. Before the exercise, you should be familiar with the site terrain, do a good job in the safety preparation.
. Swelling and soft tissue bleeding; if there is a joint dislocation, the injured joint should be fixed before the transfer; if the fracture does not move around, it should be fixed and then handled.
□ Yan Yan
Tip: The content of this article is for reference only, please refer to the consultation results of regular hospitals!