Sports is a good doctor: exercise management of diabetic patients

Diabetes exercise management

Ai Touro Health Risk Management

We tend to pay too much attention to the important role of diet on blood sugar, and ignore the effects of sports on blood glucose. Reasonable sports nutrients can greatly reduce blood sugar fluctuations caused by motion or diet.

The blood glucose fluctuation is too large to lead to the most risk factors of diabetes chronic complications. Through structured motion interventions, the rational dietary match can be achieved, and the purpose of maintaining blood sugar is maintained, and the controversy is prevented.

Exercise preparation

1. Self-test blood glucose before and after exercise;

2. Write a sports log;

3. Prepare points "emergency" candy;

4. Do not inject insulin before exercise;

5. Drink frequently;

6. Carry medical card with you;

7. Fully warm and relax;

8. Painting is appropriate.

Motion method

There are several ways to move in diabetic patients: walk, jogging, ball, mountain climbing, cycling, etc.

sport time

Diabetes patients have the best at 1-2h. To participate in sports after 1-2 hours after meals, especially after breakfast, it is the best time to exercise, because it may be the highest blood sugar in one day, you can choose this time you often don't have to add food.

Don't exercise the strongest effect on insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents, otherwise it may cause hypoglycemia. Some patients like to take the exercise after taking the medicine in the morning, and then go home to have breakfast, this is to avoid as much as possible, duration: 30 to 60 minutes a day (or 3 km).

Sports intensity: The age is equal to 170 with the micro sweat to the center of sweat or the pulse rate.

Precautions

Some people are used to exercise before breakfast, can be divided into several situations, treating: such as blood sugar than 6.6mmol / L, can move; if blood glucose is around 6.0 mmol / l, 10 ~ 15 g of carbohydrates, and then exercise; If it is less than 6.0 mmol / L to eat 30 g of carbohydrates, it can be moved. After a long time, the hypoglycemic exercise is lasting, such as mountain climbing, outing, etc., it should increase the amount of feed in time.

Advocating, stunning exercises have a good treatment for diabetic patients. Because the positive effects produced by the movement, such as the increase of the number of insulin receptors and affinity, the decrease in low density lipoprotein (VLDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), and the large vascular complications caused Decrease in danger, etc., can show it within 1 to 2 weeks after exercise, but if you don't stick to exercise, it will disappear quickly from 1 to 2 days.

Tip: The content of this article is for reference only, please refer to the consultation results of regular hospitals!