# 方 健南 指 #
High blood pressure, I want everyone to be very familiar, this is one of the "rich diseases". In recent years, people's understanding of cardiovascular diseases and the understanding of cardiovascular, brain, and renal target organs have been continuously adjusted.
At present, patients with cardiovascular disease occurred in patients with the same blood pressure level, therefore, there is a concept of blood pressure stratification, that is, patients with different cardiovascular disease, suitable blood pressure levels should be different.
Clinically high blood pressure can be divided into two categories
1. Primary hypertension: It is an independent disease that has not been clearly explicit in patients with blood pressure, accounting for more than 90% of all hypertensive patients.
2, secondary hypertension: also known as symptomatic hypertension, in this type of disease is clear, high blood pressure is only one of the clinical manifestations of the disease, the blood pressure can be temporary or lasting.
About 60% of patients with high blood pressure have a family history. At present, it is considered to be genetically genetically genetically genetically, 30% to 50% of high blood pressure patients have genetic background.
2. Spirit and environmental factors
Long-term spiritual tensions, excitement, anxiety, noise or bad visual stimuli can also cause high blood pressure.
3. Age factor
The incidence increased with an increase in age, and the incidence of 40 years old is high.
4. Living habits
The dietary structure is unreasonable, such as excessive sodium salt, low potassium diet, a large number of drinking, excessive saturated fatty acids can increase blood pressure. Smoking can accelerate the process of atherosclerosis, a risk factor for hypertension.
5. Effect of drugs
Contraceptives, hormones, anti-inflammatory pain, etc. can affect blood pressure.
6. Effects of other diseases
Obesity, diabetes, sleep apnea low ventilation syndrome, thyroid disease, renal stenosis, kidney substantive damage, adrenal placement lesions, pheochromocytoma, other neuroendocrine tumors, etc.
2022 "New standard of blood pressure" announced, not 120/80, if you meet the standard, blood vessels are also healthy
We all know that blood pressure increases need to be actively regulated, especially those who have excellent blood pressure, if blood pressure control is unstable, it is easier to increase cardiovascular disease risk.
Most high blood pressure patients will prepare a sphygmometer in their home. Through self-monitoring of blood pressure, it is convenient to adjust the treatment plan in a timely manner, more beneficial to control stabilize blood pressure and avoid complications.
In everyone's impression, the blood pressure standard has been staying between 120/80 mm mercury, but now, according to the information released by the International Hypertension Association, the standard of blood pressure seems to have made a new adjustment, let's come together Take a look at the new standard of 2022 blood pressure!
Level 2 high blood pressure ≥160 / 100 mmHg;
Level 1 high blood pressure 140 ~ 159/90 ~ 99 mmHg;
Normal high blood pressure 130 ~ 139/85 ~ 89 mmHg;
Normal blood pressure <130/85 mmHg;
Everyone is best to monitor the four-class blood pressure numerical standards according to their own actual situation, see if blood pressure is within the normal range, if it exceeds or less than the standard is unhealthy.
Long-term low blood pressure hazard, I hope everyone can understand in advance!
We first give an example, a small hole above the water drum, we all feel that it is small, generally will not pay attention, but long-term moon, the water flowing out is difficult to calculate.
This is like low blood pressure. We may not care too much at the beginning, but the hazard of long-term low blood pressure is very large. Below, let's take a look at the hazard of long-term low blood pressure!
Long-term low blood pressure will greatly reduce the function of the body, mainly including the decline of vision, and the memory of memory is reduced, and hypotension can induce or increase the probability of elderly. Dizziness, fainting, and falling make the fracture incidence increased.
In addition, it will lead to fatigue, mental exhaustion, leading to unintentional work and learning. And low blood pressure will cause mood and depression, and induce depression.
According to foreign experts, hypotension may cause cerebral infarction and heart infarction. Dirty low blood pressure is serious, every time the blood pressure is rapidly decreased, he has a syncope, resulting in a long-term bedding, long-term low blood pressure can induce myocardial ischemia.
What are the methods of keeping blood pressure stability?
1, slow talk speed. When a person speaking is too fast, blood pressure can rise by 50%, which may be caused by quick speaking causes the spirit.
2, less quarrel. When the husband and wife appear, the two sides were patiently listened to the opinions of the other party, and the heart was calm and conversation. The blood pressure would remain normal. On the contrary, when the difference occurs, the two are not calm and arguing, which will make people feel upset, and blood pressure suddenly increases.
3, exercise. 3 times a week 3 times, such as, walk or go, play Tai Chi, etc., each time at least 20 minutes, can improve blood pressure.
4, work in a quiet environment. A research team has experimenting 118 people. It has found that when people are in a noisy working environment, the blood pressure has risen by 4 mm mercury, even if the noise duration is short, blood pressure will also rise.
Researchers have also made a trial: 100 people meditated 20 minutes a day, 12 months later, the blood pressure is reduced by 11 mm Hg.
Extension - How to determine the shrink pressure and diastolic pressure?Blood pressure refers to the lateral pressure of the blood to the blood vessel wall during the blood vessel.Generally, the arterial blood pressure is generally referred to as there is no special indication, and it refers to the blood pressure of the radical artery.
Shrinkage: When the ventricular contraction, the aortic pressure rises sharply, to the highest value of the mediation medium, at which time the arterial blood pressure is said to shrink.
Dihaples: When the ventricular is diacene, the aorta decreases, and the lowest value of the main pulse blood pressure at the end of the heart, and the blood pressure of the artery blood pressure is said.
Pulse pressure: the difference in pulse pressure and diastolic pressure, referred to as pulse pressure.The unit is 1 mmHg; 1kpa = 7.5 mmHg.When the stethoscope heard the first sound tone, the mercury referred to a shrink pressure reading; when the beat sound suddenly becomes weak or disappeared, the Mercury refers to the number of diastolic readings.
Tip: The content of this article is for reference only, please refer to the consultation results of regular hospitals!